English Language Proficiency of Senior High School Students
Keywords:English language, level of proficiency, reading comprehension, eights parts of speech
This paper aimed to determine the English language proficiency of senior high school students as input for the language extension program at Gammad National High School. Specifically, it determined the students’ proficiency level on the eight (8) parts of speech; the reading comprehension level along literal, interpretative, evaluative, and integrative; and the reading comprehension level on different genres such as a poem, essay, and short story. A descriptive research design was employed in the study. The fifty-one (51) respondents of Grade 11 senior high school students at Gammad National High School were chosen using the total enumeration technique. An 82-item proficiency test was used as an instrument in gathering the data. Weighted mean was used in analyzing the data. Results of the study show that among the eight parts of speech, the senior high school students performed well in using adverbs, prepositions, and interjections but found it problematic of using verbs. On reading comprehension, the respondents excelled under literal level across all genres but not on integration and evaluation levels. The study concluded that the respondents are “Proficient User of English” or “High” level in using grammar and reading comprehension. They have mastered the basics of using the English language; however, they need to be exposed more to meaningful activities and varied texts to attain a high level of proficiency.
Baclig, C. E. (2020). Philippine drops further in global English proficiency ranking. Inquirer.Net. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1362951/philippines-drops-further-in-global-english-proficiency-rankings
Baeta,E.O, Galvan, M.L., Solomo, O.C., Zamudio, J.R.D., Haber, C.C.,& Osea, G.B. (2012). English Language Proficiency of College Freshmen at Central Bicol The State University of Agriculture. https://garph.co.uk/IJARMSS/Feb2016/20.pdf. Accessed 2 January 2019.
Baier, J. R. (2005). Reading comprehension and reading strategies. Published dissertation. Master of Education Degree in Education. The Graduate School: University of Wisconsin-Stout.
Blas, F. A., Meraña, M., Averion, R. F., Badanoy, M. A., Leon, A. L., Ragudo, Y. C., Seguerra, R., Vargas, M. G. (2018). Articulated Difficulties of Grade 11 Students at Taytay SeniorHigh School (TSHS) in English Proficiency. PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, 3(3),1186-1202. https://doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2018.33.11861202
Bragger, J.D. (1985). Materials development for the proficiency-oriented classroom. C.J. James (Ed.), Foreign language proficiency in the classroom and beyond (79-116). Lincolnwood: National Textbook Company. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1476842. Accessed 20 December 2019.
Domingo, P. (2018). English Language Proficiency of Students in Visayas State University. Journal of Literature and Language Teaching, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3355148
Elo, S., Kaariainen, M., Kanste, O., Polkki, T., Utrianien, K., Kyngars. H., (2014). Qualitative content analysis; a focus on trustworthiness. Sage Open, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244014522633
Elo, S., Kääriäinen, M., Kanste, O., Pölkki, T., Utriainen, K. and Kyngäs, H. (2014) Qualitative Content Analysis: A Focus on Trustworthiness. SAGE Open, 4, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244014522633
Global English Corporation (2014). Philippines: World's best country in Business English. Business English Index (BEI), 23(4), 35-40, September 2014.
Giang, B.T.K. (2017). Reading Comprehension Performance of the EFL First-Year Students: Basis for Reading Enhancement Program. English Language Teaching, 10(7),89. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n7p89
Hadaway, N.L., Vardell, S.M., & Young, T. A. (2001). Scaffolding oral language development through poetry for students learning English. The Reading Teacher, 54(8), 796-806. https://www.jstor.org/stable/20204994. Accessed 19 February 2022.
Hadaway, N.L., Vardell, S.M., & Young, T. A. (2006). Matching books and readers: Selecting literature for English learners. International Reading Association, 59(8), 734-741. https://doi.org/10.1598/RT.59.8.1
Heilenman, L. K., Kaplan. I. (1985). Proficiency in practice; the foreign language curriculum. In C.J. James (Ed.), Foreign language proficiency in the classroom and beyond (pp. 55-78). Lincolnwood: National textbook Company.
James, C. J. (1985). Learning from proficiency: the unifying principle. In C.J. James (Ed.), Foreign language proficiency in the classroom and beyond (pp.1-8). Lincolnwood: National Textbook Company.
Küçükoğlu, H. and Sariçoban, A. (2011). Using Literature in EFL Classes: Short Story. In 1st International Conference on Foreign Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics FLTAL 2011 Proceedings Book (160-170). Sarajevo: FLTAL.
Leyaley, R.G. (2016). The English Language Proficiency of Freshmen Students in the Institute of Teacher Education, Kalinga Apayao State College. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences 5(2), 1-22.
Mitra, R. M. (2013). Leveraging service sector growth in the Philippines. Asian Development Bank. Economics Working Paper Series, 366. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2321536
Murcia, M.C. & Larsen-Freeman, D. (2010). The Grammar Book. Cenage Learning, Inc.
Navarro, J. D., Garbin, Z.Z., & Sagera, E.M. (2015). Maritime Students' English Proficiency and Their Feedback on Instructional Materials. Asia Pacific Journal of Maritime Education, 1(1), 63-83.
Norris, J.M. (2011). Using poetry to teach reading comprehension strategies to English language learners. School of Education and Leadership Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations. 451. https://digitalcommons.hamline.edu/hse_all/451
O'Sullivan, B. (Ed.) (2006) Issues in Testing Business English: the revision of the Cambridge Business English Certificates (Studies in Language Testing, volume 17), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
O'Sullivan, B. (2012). Assessment issues in languages for specific purposes. Modern Language Journal, 96(11), 71-88. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2012.01298.x
Pardede, P. (2011). Short Stories Use in Language Skills Classes: Students' Interest and Perception. [Online]. Available at: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/256453850_SHORT_STORIES_USE_IN_LANGUAGE_SKILLS_ https://doi.org/10.33541/jet.v1i1.49
Racca, R.B. & Lasaten, R.C.S. (2016). English Language Proficiency and Academic Performance of Philippines Science High Students. International Journal of Languages, Literature, and Linguistics, 2(2), 44-49. https://doi.org/10.18178/IJLLL.2016.2.2.65
Rao, C.S.V. (2016). A Brief Study of English Language Proficiency: Employability. English for Specific Purposes World, 17(49),1-9.
Saka, Ö. (2014). Short stories in English language teaching. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching (IOJET), 1 (4), 278- 288. http://iojet.org/index.php/IOJET/article/view/59/77
Sijali, K.K. (2016). English language proficiency level of Higher Secondary level students in Nepal. Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 3(1), 59-75. https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v3i1.16618
Tan, R. W. (2016). English Language Proficiency of College Graduates in the Philippines. Retrieved from https://simplyeducate.me/2019/09/13/why-are-english-language-proficiency-exams-important/. Accessed November 11, 2019.
Tima, R. (2018, Feb. 21). English Proficiency of Pinoy Students, Teacher Lagging-Survey. GMA News Online. https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/topstories/nation/644114/english-proficiency-of-pinoy-students-teachers-lagging-survey/story/
Tizon, M. N. (2011). Reading Comprehension Ability of Grade VI Pupils of Kinangay Sur Elementary School, Proceeding of the Global Summit on Education 2013, 11-12 March 2013, Kuala Lumpur. http://local.Isu.edu.ph/institutional_research_office/publications/vol.16no.1/3.html. Accessed 16 July 2018.
Tuan, V.V. (2017). Communicative Competence of Fourth Year Students: Basis for Proposed English Language Program. Canadian Center of Science and Education,10(7), 104-122. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n7p104
Valderama, T. C. (2019). Pinoy's English Proficiency declines sharply. The Manila Times. Retrieved from manilatimes.net/2019/11/18/opinion/columnists/topanalysis/pinoys-english-proficiency-declines-sharply/65674/. Accessed 23 November 2020.
Vural, H. (2013). Use of Literature to Enhance Motivation in ELT Classes. Mevlana International Journal of Education (MIJE), 3(4), 5-23. https://doi.org/10.13054/mije.188.8.131.52
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Multidisciplinary Journal for Education, Social and Technological Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License